Common Hazards Encountered On Demolition Sites

Demolition site

Demolition comes with many potential hazards that can cause injuries and delays on the job site. Through appropriate planning, sequencing and coordination of tasks, however, many of these can be easily avoided. A job typically starts with an engineering survey of the structure, then the proper equipment, method of demolition, protective equipment and worker training can be decided on. Here are a few of the most common hazards facing contractors on any demolition job and the keys to avoiding them.
  • Collapses
An effective engineering survey will identify areas of risk within a structure where premature collapse are most likely. To ensure a safe work environment, these areas will be braced or shored to provide additional stability. To further minimize the risk of floors or walls collapsing prematurely, demolition typically begins at the top of the structure and works down.
  • Falls
Workers falling during demolition is another significant safety concern. Guardrails are needed in front of large wall openings and floor openings should be clearly marked and covered. If workers will be using aerial lifts, fall protection is needed as well. When it's necessary, ladders and stairs can be installed provided they are properly inspected and lit.
  • Noise
While concerns over noise and loss of hearing are less obvious than other concerns on a demolition site, they are just as prevalent. The use of equipment often results in excessive noise levels, but workers can be protected through three primary precautions. Equipment modification or the use of barriers to dampen sound directly. Worker isolation and rotation to minimize the personnel exposed to excessive noise. And finally, proper hearing protection, which can be worn in conjunction with other methods to ensure safety.
  • Dust
Demolishing structures creates an extreme amount of dust to be released into the air. The sheer amount and types of dust can be hazardous to workers. By planning ahead and using controls like wet methods, dust can be controlled in most cases. But, when it's impossible to properly control dust, respirators should be worn during operations likely to produce large amounts of dust.In addition to these hazards, the existence of hazardous materials in buildings and on demolition sites presents additional issues and requires additional considerations.At Demolition Technologies, we take pride in our safety record and ensure compliance on each and every job site. For more information, contact us.